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 The Kingdom of Lyncus

The Kingdom of Lyncus

Thucydides (460-400 BC) tells us that Arrhabaeus, the son of Bromerus, is king of the Lyncestians, the people of Macedonia, and that Lyncestae, Elimiotae and other tribes of the highland country are subjects to Perdiccas II, son of Alexander I, who ruled Macedonia during the time of the Peloponnesian war. We also are informed that Lyncestians were at first independent people, governed as a distinct kingdom. However, after the death of Alexander I in 452, Macedon began to fall apart and Arrhabaeus, the king of Lyncus is said to have revolted against his sovereign, king Perdiccas II of Macedon in 424 BC. At that time, Perdiccas II was an ally to Brasidas, a Spartan officer during the first decade of the Peloponnesian war, when they, with their combined armies made war upon Arrhabaeus, king of the Lyncestians, a neighboring people of Macedonia, for Perdiccas II had a quarrel with him and wanted to subdue him. But when Perdiccas II and Brasidas with their armies arrived at the pass leading into Lyncus, Brasidas said that before appealing to arms he should like to negotiate which led to interruption of the planned invasion of the country. Somewhat later, Perdiccas II and Brasidas marshed again together for a second time to Lyncus against Arrhabaeus. Invading the country of Arrhabaeus and finding the Lyncestians encamped against them, they also took up a position facing them. The armies engaged in a minor battle which resulted in some loss for the Lyncestian party. Perrdiccas II then wished to go on and attack the villages of Arrhabaeus instead sitting still waiting for two or three days for the Illyrian mercenaries who were to join Perdiccas II. However, the Illyrians had actually betrayed Perdiccas II and had joined Arhabaeus. Then, during the night the Macedonian army fled in the direction of home while Brasidas was left uninformed in danger of attack by Arrhabaeus and the Illyrians. At the daybreak, Brasidas managed to defend himself, entering the narrow pass further between two hills which was the entrance into the territories of Arrhabaeus, avoiding a possible defeat, and the same day he arrived at Arnisa, the first town in the dominions of Perdiccas I. The desertion of Perdiccas II from Lyncus violently angered the soldiers of Brasidas and after that Perdiccas II began to regard Brasidas as an enemy.

The Kingdom of Lyncus

 

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© Kiril Arsov, 2012