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 PHILIPPOUPOLIS in Parorbelia

PHILIPPOUPOLIS in Parorbelia

The only clue of the name town founded by Philip II in Paeonia that existed in the past is a note preserved in a fragment written by the geographer Strabo (64 BC - 24 AD). He tells us that alongside the country of Agrianes lies Parorbelia, a district of Macedonia, which has in its interior, along the valley that begins at Eidomene, the cities Callipolis, Orthopolis, Philippoupolis, Garescus. We are notified by Diod. Sic., active writer during 60-30 BC, that Paeonians, after the death of Agis, king of the Paeonians, troubled the kingdom of Macedon with distress and harass. Consequently, Philip II entered Paeonia with the choice of all his forces and the enemy who marched out to meet him, were utterly defeated, and the whole nation of Paeonia obliged to submit implicity to the conqueror, and to acknowledge an absolute dependence on Macedon. However, shortly after that in full secrecy, the king of Illyria, of Paeonia and Thrace joined in a strict confederacy, and mediated an invasion of Macedonia with all their powers. Then, Philip II surprised the Paeonians and reduced them to a state of subjection, as appears to have rendered them incapable of giving him any further opposition. After that, we assume that Paeonians must have been commanded by a strategem with seat in the citadel Psaphara, then renamed to Philippoupolis, known as a city in Parorbelia. The most evident proof of the Macedonians presence on the site of Kneže is the unearthed ruins of a Doric-style building, possibly a temple that must have been erected by order of the king Philip II for ceremonial purpose and the long lasting rule of Paeonia. Later, in 279-278 BC Paeonia was invaded and thoroughly destroyed by the Celts on their way to plunder the Balkan penisula. Psaphara, i.e. Philippoupolis in Parorbelia was not spared since the city was abandoned and the temple cut to pieces.

PHILIPPOUPOLIS in Parorbelia

Ruins of a Doric-style building - temple cut to pieces.

 

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© Kiril Arsov, 2010